MACHIAVELLI AND NIETZSCHE ON SECULARIZATION AND THE OMNIPOTENCE OF HUMAN GOVERNMENT
Studia Politica Slovaca, 2023, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 3-20
The study deals with Machiavelli’s and Friedrich Nietzsche’s understanding of secularization from a comparative perspective. It sheds light on the differences and similarities in their view. They have had a very distinct understanding of secularization. Although there are four centuries between the two philosophers, the estimation of the nature and consequences of mass secularization is very similar. For both of them, secularization gives rise to secular substitutes for traditional religions, especially political substitutes. But even secularized societies would necessarily remain “religious”. This study also shows differences in the analysis of the phenomenon of secularization. Machiavelli relied on his knowledge of politics and the nature of mankind. Nietzsche, on the other hand, focused on the world around him.
Machiavelli, Nietzsche, secularization, religion, Christianity
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