WHAT DISTINGUISHES SLOVAK POPULISM FROM THE WESTERN EUROPEAN VARIANTS? SLOVAKIA IN COMPARISON WITH AUSTRIA
Studia Politica Slovaca, 2023, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 30-47
The study examines the peculiarities of populism in Slovakia, which distinguish it from populisms in Western European countries. To show the differences, Slovak populists are compared with those from Austria, with examples from the political discourses on the refugee crisis and on minorities being brought in. The similarities and differences are elaborated by looking at three central characteristics of populism: flexibility and variability of the content of populism, political relevance, and graduality and non-binarity. The comparative perspective shows that these universal features of populism are particularly pronounced in Slovakia. Although Slovakia and Austria have both very distinctive experiences with politically successful populists, the populisms in the two countries are not the same. The comparison brings to light the differences between the post-socialist political landscapes on the one hand and the Western ones on the other, which are reflected in the different manifestations of populism in Slovakia and in Austria.
Populism, Slovakia, Austria, Post-Socialist Context, Populism as a discourse
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